sentence is a group of words that expresses
a complete thought.
1. "Ashley walks
to the park."
2. "She takes a friend with her."
3. "Climb a tree."
Both (1) and (2) are
sentences, but (3) is not a sentence. Why?
It does not express a complete thought. We
wonder: who climbs a tree? Why?
-By adding some words
to (3) we can make a complete sentence:
"Ashley and her
friend climb a tree."
Every sentence has a subject and a predicate.
The subject usually contains the main subject
or noun, and the predicate tells what the
subject is doing, which contains the verb
of the sentence.
to the park
a friend with her
and her friend
Teachers: have the students
write their own sentences on the board, and
then identify the subject and predicate in
Rules for writing sentences:
1. Every sentence must begin with a capital
2. Every sentence must end with a punctuation
mark. You use different marks for different
kinds of sentences.
A period (.) ends a sentence that tells something,
or makes a statement.
A questions mark (?) ends a sentence that
asks a question.
An exclamation point (!) ends a sentence that
Types of Sentences
There are three kinds
of sentences that we say and write every day.
a type of sentence that declares or makes
Example - "Tom goes to school."
2. Interrogative: a sentence
that asks a question.
Example - "Did Tom go to school?"
3. Imperative: a sentence
that makes a request or gives a command.
Example - "Hurry Tom! Go to school now!"
(Teachers: complete the following sentences
with the students. Identify the type and show
them how to underline the subject with one
line, and the predicate with two lines.)
"Did Juan finish
his chores?" (Interrogative sentence)
(Subject: Did Juan/ Predicate: finish his
"Sam and Adam played
football." (Declarative sentence)
(Subject: Sam and Adam/ Predicate: played
"Charlie, stop that
now!" (Imperative sentence)
(Subject: Charlie/ Predicate: stop that now)
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